Purse Strings. The Iowa Supreme Court has disapproved of a purse search of a merely present third-party during the execution of a search warrant for someone else's house. A SWAT team raided a house during the execution of a search warrant. About ten occupants were detained and hand-cuffed. Officers searched third-party Danielle Brown's purse, who was not named in the warrant and whom police did not know. The court noted her purse had been photographed near her even when she was handcuffed. Justice Appel writing for the court noted that a complicated test for the search of unnamed persons or things in their possession during the execution of search warrants would be "tangled" and that there are no "tests" for warrantless search exceptions. If you or a loved one has been arrested in Cedar Rapids or other Iowa community for OWI (DUI), a drunk driving offense,, contact David A. Cmelik Law PLC today for an initial consultation.
Justice Appel writes for the Court, stating that there can be no "tests" for searches of unnamed third parties merely present during the execution of someone else's search warrant.
Justices Waterman, Zager, and Mansfield dissent; would have approved the search of the purse, stating other jurisdictions allow the search of purses and briefcases on search warrant premises; officers must also be allowed to secure premises and search for weapons on occupants, the dissent notes.
Friday, January 5, 2018—the Iowa Supreme Court today reversed and remanded a district court ruling denying suppression of marijuana found during a warrantless search of a third party’s purse execution of a warrant of a premises. Danielle Brown, the third party and named defendant in the court case, was not named in the warrant, was not known to police, and was not in possession of the premises either as a renter or owner of the property. She was simply in the wrong place at the wrong time when a SWAT team raided the property and placed her in handcuffs. Photographs of the scene at the time of the raid apparently showed her purse was nearby her.
On appeal, her lawyers argued her purse was not named in the warrant and that she was not known to law enforcement when they made entry.
Examining its decisions in Jamison and Fleming as well as Cline, Justice Appel’s opinion noted that there are no “relationship” nor “notice” test exceptions to the warrant requirement. There can be no “good faith” exception to the warrant requirement if the officers acted in good faith and later determined they were mistaken about the origin of the property, the court reiterated. The decision noted that a “test” for the relationship among occupants and a premises to be searched by warrant would be “tangled.”
“The principle derived from Jamison and Fleming that a search of the possessions of a third party at a residence is unconstitutional when the warrant does not support probable cause to search that particular person has appeal. It avoids the tangled mess of attempting to apply unworkable tests based on relationship or notice,” wrote Justice Appel.
Instead, the Court noted that an unnamed third party’s possessions cannot be searched if person or thing to be searched is not named in the warrant.
Justice Waterman dissented, noting that the majority relied on an inapplicable case. The dissent distinguished the facts of Jamison, wherein it argued that the third party search in that case involved another car "blocks away" from the original search. The dissent also noted that the appellant Brown had not even cited to Jamison.
The dissent also distinguished Fleming, noting that two unrelated persons in a rental house had distinct legitimate expectations of privacy in their respective private rooms.
The dissent further called the majority citation to Cline a "straw man" unrelated to the case, which the majority knocked down by reiterating that there are no good faith exceptions to the warrant requirement, which Justice Waterman argued was not at issue in the case. The dissent further noted that this case is similar to unclaimed property searches during warrant executions that are approved in federal courts, citing to United States v. Gray, 814 F.2d 49 (1st Cir. 1987). Justice Waterman noted that he would approve the purse search under the analysis in Gray, as well as other jurisdictions.
The Waterman dissent, which was joined by Justices Zager and Mansfield, also noted that law enforcement must make very quick decisions in the execution of warrants and emphasized that the majority decision should not be read to prohibit law enforcement from securing the perimeter of the premises to be searched by warrant and rule out the possession of weapons by occupants therein.
NOTE: David A. Cmelik Law PLC has no affiliation to the Brown case.
If you or a loved one has been arrested for OWI (DUI) in Cedar Rapids, Iowa City, Anamosa, Vinton, Waterloo, or anywhere else in Linn, Johnson, Jones, Benton, Black Hawk, or other Iowa counties, please contact David A. Cmelik Law PLC, 319-389-1889, http://www.daclawfirm.com, for a free ½ hour initial consultation today. Remember that a blog is not legal advice and no attorney-client relationship is established by reading a blog or sending unsolicited information to an attorney over the Internet.
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