Suspensions, Barments, and Revocations in Iowa
I sometimes get calls from clients to my Cedar Rapids Iowa criminal defense practice about being “suspended” to drive. Nearly no one, unless they are repeatedly the victim of proceedings initiated by the Iowa Department of Transportation, will distinguish that they are “revoked” or that they are “barred.” But each of those three carries a special meaning and should not be confused with one another. Driving while suspended in violation of Iowa Code § 321.218 is a simple misdemeanor punishable by not less than two hundred fifty dollars nor more than one thousand five hundred dollars and an optional jail sentence of no more than 30 days.
Driving while revoked, on the other hand, is driving in violation of a OWI (DUI) suspension imposed under Iowa Code § 321J.21 as part of a previous or pending OWI (DUI). Driving while suspended in violation of Iowa Code § 321.218 is a simple misdemeanor punishable by not less than two hundred fifty dollars nor more than one thousand five hundred dollars and an optional jail sentence of no more than 30 days. Driving while revoked, on the other hand, is driving in violation of a OWI (DUI) suspension imposed under Iowa Code § 321J.21 as part of a previous or pending OWI (DUI). This is a slightly more serious offense than driving while suspended. It is a serious misdemeanor punishable by at least a $1,000 fine and at most a year in jail. It requires the imposition of another “like” revocation—for example, on a first time six month revocation for a Datamaster breath taste failure, some one who is convicted for Driving While Revoked will also be revoked for an additional six months on top of the original six month revocation, for a total of a year. Driving while revoked after a two year revocation was imposed would net an additional two year revocation on top of the original OWI (DUI) revocation. For the whopping six year revocation imposed for third or subsequent OWI (DUI) cases, you guessed it, it’s another six year revocation stacked on top of the previous revocation.
Driving While Barred in violation of Iowa Code § 321.560 is an aggravated misdemeanor punishable by a fine ranging from $625 to $6,250 and incarceration up to two years in prison. This is typically a charge for someone who has been deemed by the Iowa Department of Transportation to be an “habitual” violator, for example, for racking up multiple moving violations in a very short period of time. It is the most serious driving restriction. For whatever reason, I field few inquiries where someone says they are “revoked” or “barred” when they are suspended. It’s almost universally described to me that drivers are “suspended” when they may be “revoked” or “barred,” instead. It’s not on purpose. It’s confusing to even lawyers. For example, this confusion is fueled by the Iowa Code itself. For example, Iowa Code § 321.218 states that “denied, canceled, suspended, or revoked as provided in this chapter” and by prosecutors who themselves confuse revocation with suspension by alleging in indictments that the Defendant is guilty of driving while suspended in violation of the alcohol revocation statute. I have seen it done that very way. Whether a defendant is facing a charge of driving while suspended, revoked, or barred, it might pay to have an Iowa criminal defense attorney review the charge, the official criminal lawsuit (“Trial Information”), and the police reports to determine if any defense exists to the formal charge. Such an attorney must do his or her due diligence in discovering any Constitutional law violations in the interaction among law enforcement and the defendant, as well as determine whether the defendant was properly notified of the suspension, revocation, and/or barment.
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